guides : class 1 Billion via USB (DLF and Batch)

Firmware upgrade - via USB + update.htm : Billion

On ASR8400, 2MB (from Billion


1st Attempt

Had it set to the BT test login
Reset password


Other browser windows = Y
Email client = Y
Firewall = Y
Antivirus = Y
ADSL cable = Y


After clicking on the upload image button, the router prepares itself:

download prep


Then the box appears to enter the file's location

upgrade image


I browsed and located the file, then I clicked on 'Upload' - the browser progressed to the 'upstatus' page.



There was a spike in the network activity, indicating the file had started uploading

network spike


Then there was just a little low level activity:

network low level


No change after 10 minutes so tried to cancel the download.
After another 5-10 minutes there was still no response and I could not login to the router.

I paper-clip reset for 20-30 seconds, then switched off for 5 minutes and then switched on. The router came back to life and
I could login again.

2nd Attempt

Still set to the BT test login
Still default password
Reset IP to, reset pool to: to
Disabled & re-enabled USB connection to renew DHCP and get PC assigned new IP.
Pinged to double check

Noticed there was still some low level network activity - dunno what from: perhaps some remnant of anti-virus or firewall? [This was probably the svchost part of Windows polling the router for UPnP data]

Changed host file.


Other browser windows = N
Email client = N
Firewall = N
Antivirus = N
ADSL cable = Y


After clicking on 'Upload', still got the constantly refreshing upstatus page access. After 25 minutes, still nothing, so time to cancel etc. Flits between upstatus and rstboot.



To recover, I paper-clip reset for 20-30 seconds, then switched off for 5 minutes and then switched on.

Maybe it's just my setup, but I haven't been able to image upload since the safecom.cn_10-07-04 firmware. I had a break and
reset the IP to

Batch file workaround


I gave up with the image upload - Using my DLF Manager I unpacked the DLF and created a batch installer. Ran it, switched off for a bit, switched on and voila!


The router IP changed to and the username was 'admin' and the password was 'password'. Logged in, changed the
PPP settings, reset to 10.0.0.X range, changed admin password and 'submit' and 'save & reboot'. After about a minute, I
closed the browser (since when you change the router's IP the browser cannot find the new one) then disabled/enabled the USB connection and logged in to again.

I shall add to this page as I explore the interface, but from 1st appearances, it doesn't look that different from the Billion (apart from the colour scheme and altered pictures (e.g. top right).



Further testing & investigation


The full menu tree is as follows:

menu layout


Some of the pages have links to further pages which do not have entries in the left hand menu.

You must remember to submit before you change pages in the router (easy to forget).


One noticeable difference to other firmwares is the presence of more details (on the ADSL status) in the system log:

09/03/2004 14:55:31> Received time from Time Server
01/01/1970 00:00:16> PPP1 Session is up.
01/01/1970 00:00:16> DNS: Add IP address X.X.X.X (Auto discovered)
01/01/1970 00:00:16> DNS: Add IP address X.X.X.X (Auto discovered)
01/01/1970 00:00:15> No Static Session Information is defined.
01/01/1970 00:00:15> NAT/NAPT Session Start: interface ppp1, WAN IP is X.X.X.X
01/01/1970 00:00:15> PPP1: DNS Secondary IP address is X.X.X.X
01/01/1970 00:00:15> PPP1: DNS Primary IP address is X.X.X.X
01/01/1970 00:00:15> PPP1: PPP Gateway IP address is X.X.X.X
01/01/1970 00:00:15> PPP1: PPP IP address is X.X.X.X
01/01/1970 00:00:15> PPP1 CHAP Authentication success
01/01/1970 00:00:11> PPP1 PPPoA Connected
01/01/1970 00:00:11> ATM Tx Error Count: 0, Rx Error Count: 0
01/01/1970 00:00:11> u/s total bit capacity: 95bits, used: 95bits
01/01/1970 00:00:11> d/s total bit capacity: 3058bits, used: 296bits
01/01/1970 00:00:11> d/s Latency: FAST, u/s Latency: FAST
01/01/1970 00:00:11> d/s Data Rate: 1152kbps, u/s Data Rate: 288kbps
01/01/1970 00:00:11> d/s CRC Errors: 0, u/s CRC Errors: 0
01/01/1970 00:00:11> d/s Attenuation: 21.8dB, u/s Attenuation: 11.5dB
01/01/1970 00:00:11> d/s SNR: 39.4dB, u/s SNR: 31.0dB

01/01/1970 00:00:11> CO Vendor: TEXAS_INSTRUMENTS
01/01/1970 00:00:11> Max Tx Power: -38dBm/Hz
01/01/1970 00:00:11> Annex Mode: ANNEX_A
01/01/1970 00:00:11> Modulation: G.dmt
01/01/1970 00:00:11> ADSL connected
01/01/1970 00:00:11> ATM layer is up, cell delineation achieved
01/01/1970 00:00:11> ATM Connected
01/01/1970 00:00:00> CfgMgr: 'Washer.dlz' module loaded.
01/01/1970 00:00:00> CfgMgr: 'Shtm.dlz' module loaded.
01/01/1970 00:00:00> CfgMgr: 'Console.dlz' module loaded.
01/01/1970 00:00:00> Initialized DMZ host.
01/01/1970 00:00:00> Initialized Dynamic NAPT.
01/01/1970 00:00:00> ATM: Setting up vcc0, VPI=0, VCI=38
01/01/1970 00:00:00> ATM: Detected
01/01/1970 00:00:00> Ethernet Device 0 Detected


Some firewall tests...

The packet filtering is similar to the policies in the Origo firmwares.

E.g. Entering 21 in the destination 'to' port, automatically puts 21 in the 'from' port (for an inbound policy)

packet filtering


To change this so packets from any port going to 21 are blocked, you need to enter 0 as the from port - which the router changes to '*'

using asterisk


Using an incoming to block all packets going to port 21 (as above) causes all network activity (on all the ports) to stop.


The URL Blocking seems to work well

See this page: URL Blocking Tests


There is also the Bridge Filtering in the firewall which is similar to the 'Access Control List' idea:

bridge filtering


Other pages...

misc config


The DHCP Relay options have moved from the Misc page to the LAN Config page:

lan config




When using MSN Messenger 6.2, there are entries like this in the log:

09/03/2004 15:02:22> UPnP Action:DeletePortMapping State:Success. TCP-port:14872 Closed!
09/03/2004 15:02:22> UPnP Action:AddPortMapping State:Success. TCP-port:14872 Opened!


Also Intel's UPnP Device Spy and Sniffer pick up UPnP options and activity (when it's enabled on the PC and Router):

upnp devices


The rest of the pages appear to be the same as the Billion

system gateway config


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